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Waverley Borough Council Committee System - Committee Document

Meeting of the Executive held on 05/04/2005
Community Safety Strategy - Safer Waverley Partnership




34
Safer Waverley Partnership


Community Safety
Strategy

2005-08


CONTENTS:

Foreword:

Section 1: Introduction………………………………………………………………

- Why have a community safety strategy
- The structure of the partnership
- About the borough of Waverley
- Links with other local, regional and national agendas
- The structure of the document
- Monitoring
- Keeping up to date

Section 2: National, regional and local priorities …………………………………..

Section 3: Crime Audit Summary and Consultation Process ……………………...

Section 4: Strategic Priorities……………………………………………………….

Priority 1: Reducing Crime

Priority 2: Feeling Safe and Being Safe

Priority 3: Tackling Anti-Social Behaviour

Priority 4: Addressing Substance Misuse

Section 5: Appendices………………………………………………………………

Appendix 1: Summary of principal national strategies

Appendix 2: Glossary of terms

Appendix 3: Other useful links

Appendix 4: Bibliography


Foreword:

Waverley is one of the safest areas in the country in which to live and work. The Safer Waverley Partnership is determined not only to keep it that way but also to even further reduce crime and disorder wherever this is possible.

The Safer Waverley Partnership comprises of representatives from all key local public agencies (Surrey Police, Waverley Borough Council, Surrey County Council, Guildford & Waverley Primary Care Trust, Surrey Fire & Rescue and Surrey Police Authority) and is committed to working together on all local community safety issues.

This is the third three-year strategy produced by the Partnership. In drawing up our proposals we have consulted widely and listened carefully to local people and groups; and the actions we propose in this document reflect what you have told us we should do over the next three years. We will be working hard on your behalf during this period to do the things we have promised.

We would like to take this opportunity to thank everyone who took the time to help us shape this strategy.

Steve Cosser
Local Director
Surrey County Council

Christine Pointer
Chief Executive
Waverley Borough Council

Chief Supt Jerry Kirkby
Divisional Commander
Surrey Police

Dr Ruth Milton
Head of Public Health
Guildford & Waverley Primary Care Trust

Derek Clough
Area Commander
Surrey Fire & Rescue

Janet Maines
Surrey Police Authority

Section 1: Introduction

The Safer Waverley Partnership was formed following the Crime and Disorder Act 1998. The Act placed a statutory duty on Waverley Borough Council, Surrey County Council and Surrey Police to work together to address local crime and disorder problems and improve community safety. The Police Reform Act 2002 introduced further members to the Partnership, which now consists of representatives from Waverley Borough Council, Surrey County Council, Surrey Police, Surrey Police Authority, Guildford and Waverley Primary Care Trust (PCT) and Surrey Fire and Rescue Service.

The Partnership is required to conduct a crime and disorder audit every three years to review levels and patterns of crime in Waverley. The Partnership then consults widely on the findings of the crime audit to ensure that these reflect the experience of people living and working in the borough. A community safety strategy is then prepared based on the findings of the crime audit and consultation process.

This is the third Community Safety Strategy in Waverley and comes into effect from 1st April 2005, running for a three-year period until the end of March 2008. The strategy shows how the Safer Waverley Partnership will prioritise and respond to the findings of the crime and disorder audit and the community safety issues that are of most concern to those who live and work in the borough. It also ensures that all other relevant local, regional and national agendas are taken into consideration to make this strategy as comprehensive as possible.

The structure of the Safer Waverley Partnership

In 2004 the then Waverley Community Safety Partnership was re-named the Safer Waverley Partnership. This was in part to reflect the Partnership’s increased membership following the Police Reform Act 2002, and to reflect its ongoing work commitment to Waverley. At this time the Partnership also reviewed its structures to ensure that it had the necessary resources to successfully implement its new strategy. The structure below was agreed in early 2005 following consultation with key representatives from each group.




About the Borough of Waverley

Situated in the south west of the county of Surrey, the borough of Waverley is a rural district and the largest by geographic area in Surrey, covering a total area of 345 square kilometres (133 square miles). Three quarters of the land is given up to either agricultural use or woodland and much of this is designated as Green Belt. The area has three tiers of local government throughout with four main settlements: Farnham, Godalming, Haslemere and Cranleigh. There are 17 parish councils and three town councils (Farnham, Godalming and Haslemere).

Map of Waverley showing Borough Council electoral wards



There are 5,300 businesses or 46 businesses per 1,000 population (national average 28) based in Waverley, 89% of which employ less than 10 people. Waverley’s key employment sectors are banking, finance and insurance (29% of the workforce), distribution, hotels and restaurants (26%) public administration, education and health (23%), and manufacturing (11%). Tourism provides more than 2,600 jobs and is worth 100m to the local economy.

At the 2001 census Waverley had a population of 115,665, 22.1% of which are 17 and under, 60.3% are between 18 and 64 and 17.9% are over 65. There are slightly more adults within the 65+ age category than across Surrey as a whole (16.3%).


The population of Waverley is 97.4% white, with 76.5% of people living as owner-occupiers and 13.0% in social housing. The Borough has a lower than Surrey average number of people with no qualifications. Waverley has an older population than the Surrey average and 26.4% of all households are comprised of pensioners only.

There is a high and increasing level of car-ownership in Waverley. The 2001 census recorded 70945 cars and vans – an average of 1.50 vehicles per household.

Within Waverley there are significant contrasts at electoral ward level – and particularly at the smaller census output area level. For example, the proportion of households in social housing ranges from 0.71% to 32.52% at ward level and from 0% to 87.8% at output area level. While many households in Waverley enjoy a comparatively high standard of living there are nevertheless significant groups of residents who against this background face considerable relative disadvantage. This may affect individuals with particular needs living in rural areas, older people who find access to services difficult and, most notably, communities in semi-urban areas where there is an accumulation of needs and concerns, particularly relating to families with children and young people. Statistical evidence from the census, from data showing the receipt of various benefits and from the recent English Indices of Deprivation 2004 has identified areas within the wards of Farnham Upper Hale (Sandy Hill), Godalming Central and Ockford (Ockford Ridge/Aaron’s Hill) and Godalming Binscombe as having the most significant concerns. There are also a number of smaller pockets with a similar profile, e.g. The Chantrys (Farnham Castle).

Links with other Local, Regional and National Agendas

Although this Community Safety Strategy identifies the local priorities for Waverley there are also important national priorities for the government and other agencies operating at the local, regional and national level. Section 2 explores the relationship between the key national, local and regional priorities our local priorities.

The structure of this document

This document sets out the key priorities for the Safer Waverley Partnership for the period April 2005 to March 2008. There are four strategic priorities, each of which has a number of aims and objectives. Where appropriate the strategy sets out its targets to be achieved by the end of the three-year period.

Monitoring

The Community Safety Strategy 2005-08 will be accompanied by annual action plans for 2005-06, 2006-07 and 2007-08, which will show how the Partnership will implement and performance manage its identified aims and objectives.

The Co-ordination and Delivery Group (CADG) of the Partnership will monitor crime and disorder levels in Waverley on a monthly basis to ensure that targeted action remains relevant throughout the course of the strategy.

In addition quarterly and annual reports will be produced to monitor quantitative crime targets set under this strategy, utilising local and national crime monitoring systems such as SCADIS and Iquanta. The Executive of the Partnership will consider these reports, which will also be used to report progress to Government Office for the South East (GOSE).

Keep up to date and How to find out more

The Partnership will publish an annual update on the progress of the Community Safety Strategy. This will be available on the website and also in public places such as libraries and police stations. Latest news on community safety can be found in the local press as well as on the community safety website. For more information contact:

Community Safety
Chief Executive’s Department
Waverley Borough Council
Council Offices
The Burys
Godalming
Surrey
GU7 1HR
Tel: 01483 523386
Email: communitysafety@waverley.gov.uk
Website: www.waverley.gov.uk/communitysafety



Section 2: National, regional and local priorities

Following the publication of the Government’s 2004 spending review the Home Office published its five-year strategic plan entitled ‘Confident Communities in Secure Britain’. This sets out the overall aim for the Home Office of building a safe, just and tolerant society. To meet this overall aim the Home Office has set out five objectives and seven Public Service Agreements (PSAs) see Appendix 1. As well as meeting their local priorities, local community safety partnerships are also responsible for adopting and working towards these Government priorities.

In Waverley we are responsible for contributing towards a national overall crime reduction target of 15% by 2007-08. As Waverley is one of the lowest crime areas in England and Wales the Home Office expects Waverley to reduce crime Crime here refers to British Crime Survey (BCS) Comparator crimes set by the Home Office in its area by 12.5% by 2007-08. (See Strategic Priority 1 for specific targets.)

As a partnership we also have to take account of national priorities for the Police Service. These are set out in the National Policing Plan for 2005-08. The five key national priorities for policing are set out in Appendix 1. The Local Policing Plan for Surrey is produced annually and sets out annual crime reduction targets across the force’s key priority areas. These are based around the National Policing Plan. The 2005-06 Local Policing Plan is due to be published in April 2005. The targets set within this plan will be taken into consideration when formulating annual action plans for this three-year strategy.

In 2004 the Home Office introduced the Prolific and Other Priority Offender Scheme (PPO) across England and Wales. As a local partnership we are responsible for identifying and managing the individuals who commit the most crime in our area, through the three strands of the scheme: 1) Prevent and Deter, 2) Catch and Convict and 3) Resettle and Rehabilitate. The Partnership will set a three-year target for the three strands of its Prolific Offender Strategy by July 2005. This target will be made available to the public.

Anti-Social Behaviour has become a key focus for the Government. In October 2003 the Home Office launched the ‘Together Campaign’ against anti-social behaviour as well as passing the Anti-Social Behaviour Act 2003, which increased the powers agencies can use to tackle anti-social behaviour. The
Police Reform Act 2002 introduced the requirement for community safety partnerships to develop an anti-social behaviour strategy. Waverley’s anti-social behaviour strategy is acknowledged through Strategic Priority 3, ‘Tackling Anti-Social Behaviour’.


The National Drugs Strategy: ‘Tackling drugs to build a better Britain’, launched in 1998 is divided into four strands: Treatment, Young People, Communities and Reducing Supply. This strategy represents the main framework by which Drug Action Teams (DATs) and local partnerships are required to deliver appropriate responses to:

prevent today's young people from becoming tomorrow's problematic drug users;
reduce drug use and drug-related offending through treatment and support; reduce drug-related death through harm minimisation;
reduce drug-related crime and its impact on communities;
reduce the supply of illegal drugs.

Surrey Drug Action Team (DAT) is a countywide partnership for tackling substance misuse and drug-related anti-social behaviour; it is also responsible for the direct commissioning of treatment services. Working with other local partners, Surrey DAT is responsible for ensuring national targets are met. The Surrey Drug Action Team Strategy 2005-08 sets out objectives and targets around the four main goals based on key performance indicators set by the government. The local targets set out in our Strategic Priority 4, take into consideration the aims and objectives set out in the national and local drugs strategy.

The Alcohol Harm Reduction Strategy for England, produced in March 2004, sets out a comprehensive framework to help local agencies design out the effects of alcohol-related crimes. Increased emphasis has been given to alcohol-related crime and disorder in recent years. New licensing arrangements introduced by the Licensing Act 2003 give local authorities the ability to influence alcohol- related crime and disorder. For Waverley this will be an important part of addressing crime and disorder in its town centres; for more information see Strategic Priority 4.

Section 3: Crime Audit Summary and Consultation Process

In 2004 the Safer Waverley Partnership conducted its third Crime and Disorder Audit to review levels of crime and disorder and to examine the nature of community safety in Waverley. The audit considered data from a variety of sources including police crime data. These included a local community safety survey into fear of crime and quality of life issues, data from Waverley Borough Council, Surrey County Council, the Fire and Rescue Service and the Primary Care Trust.

The following is a summary of the findings of the crime and disorder audit. To read the full document please visit www.waverley.gov.uk/communitysafety or call the Community Safety Team for a copy on 01483 523386

Headline data

Total crime – In the year 2003-04 there were 5972 notifiable crimes recorded in Waverley. This equates to 51 crimes per 1000 population and an increase of 10 crimes per 1000 population since the last crime and disorder audit in 2000-01. Nevertheless Waverley’s crime levels are still well below the national and county average, as the table shows below.





















Table of key crime statistics:

CRIME TYPETOTAL 2003-2004CHANGE OVER PREVIOUS YEARRATE PER 1000
Domestic burglary28919% reduction6.0/1000 households
Vehicle crime7118% reduction6.13/1000 population
Shoplifting39731% increase0.91/1000 population
Violent crime90928% increase7.84/1000 population
Hate crime2131% increase0.18/1000 population
Domestic Violence23130% increase1.99/1000 population
Drug offences11428% increase0.98/1000 population
Alcohol-related offences9648% increase0.83/1000 population
Criminal damage138318% increase11.92/1000 population

What does the audit tell us?

The crime and disorder audit looked beyond the headline crime data and examined particular locations, victims, offenders and the fear of crime. For more information please refer to the full Crime and Disorder Audit 2003-04. Below is a brief analysis of the main findings:

Although there have been increases in some crime types, Waverley remains one of the safest places to live and work in England and Wales. Crime levels for all types of offences are well below the national average, and compare favourably with other similar boroughs and other Surrey boroughs. In spite of this many people in Waverley are worried that they will become victims of crime; they also feel that their quality of life is impaired by factors in their social environment such as speeding traffic and vandalism.

Fear of crime is not evenly distributed within Waverley. For example, the audit has shown that Godalming and Farnham town centres experience a disproportionate amount of crime, while there are areas of the borough with very little crime but with a high fear of crime.


The audit highlights the importance of crime prevention measures and the need to continue to educate people to help themselves to avoid becoming a victim; theft from vehicles is an example.

Even though crime levels are low in Waverley there is always scope for improvement and the audit identifies where there have been some noticeable increases, such as violent crime, criminal damage and arson.

The audit shows how anti-social behaviour touches almost all people in some way. For those types of anti-social behaviour that can be measured e.g. criminal damage, the audit shows that levels are low but are still of concern to residents.

The audit demonstrates the problematic relationship between drug and alcohol issues and highlights the need to examine data further and clarify possible trends. It also shows how alcohol-related crime impacts on particular areas of the borough.

From the audit to the strategy

Following examination of the findings of the crime audit, four strategic themes were developed and served as a basis for consultation:

1) Reducing crime
2) Feeling safe and being safe
3) Tackling anti-social behaviour
4) Addressing substance misuse

The consultation process:

The Partnership consulted with the community and appropriate representatives in the following ways:

Elected Member Workshop:

The Partnership invited all Borough Councillors, Surrey County Councillors for Waverley, the Surrey Police Authority representative for Waverley and the Non- Executive Directors for Guildford and Waverley PCT to a workshop held in November 2004.


Attendees received a presentation reporting the findings of the crime audit and had the opportunity to ask the Executive Board of the Partnership any questions about community safety issues in Waverley. In workshops the attendees considered the four proposed strategic aims and communicated their thoughts as to the direction of the new community safety strategy.

All attendees agreed in principle with the proposed four strategic themes for the new community safety strategy. Key issues highlighted were the need for activities and facilities for young people, the need to tackle anti-social behaviour and the need to explore why people are fearful of crime in Waverley when the audit clearly shows that crime levels are low.

Voluntary sector and community representatives’ workshop:

A similar workshop was held for representatives of the local voluntary sector and Parish and Town Councils in early December 2004.

Key messages emerging from this workshop centred around engaging more with the community, the need to promote community safety to the public more effectively and the need to recognise the contribution voluntary services can make to the delivery of the new Community Safety Strategy.

Again, all attendees agreed in principle to the proposed four strategic themes.

Consultation leaflet:

Over 1000 leaflets were sent to various organisations and bodies in the community, including schools, libraries, police stations and other public outlets. The leaflet reported the key findings of this crime audit and invited the public to send in comments about the proposed four strategic themes and to suggest any additional themes.

Almost every leaflet returned indicated support for the proposed four strategic themes. Those issues raised most frequently in the returns and suggested as additional themes fell into three broad areas. Traffic related issues were most commonly noted, followed by police presence and police response time and then the need to tackle noise-related problems such as loud music.

Community safety strategy building workshop:

This workshop held in January 2005 drew together officers representing services from all partnership organisations. Subject-specific workshops explored the development of work under the new strategy, highlighting specific projects and initiatives, which could be developed to respond to issues highlighted by the crime audit and consultation process.


Much of the information gathered by the consultation process has been used to inform the direction of this strategy.

Strategic Priority 1: Reducing Crime

Although crime remains low in Waverley the Safer Waverley Partnership is committed to maintaining low levels of crime across the borough.

Waverley’s aims and objectives

Aim 1: Maintain Waverley’s position as a low-crime area
Objectives:
1.1Monitor crime levels on a monthly basis and respond by targeted partnership action on those crimes that increase
1.2Use the crime audit to identify groups of victims, offenders and locations where targeted partnership resources can be proved effective
Aim 2: Reduce crime* by 12.5% by 2008
Objectives:
2.1Reduce theft of a vehicle by 21% by 2008
2.2Reduce theft from a vehicle by 13% by 2008
2.3Reduce vehicle interference 13% by 2008
2.4Reduce domestic burglary 20% by 2008
2.5Reduce theft or unauthorised taking of a pedal cycle by 2% by 2008
2.6Reduce theft from person 6% by 2008
2.7Reduce criminal damage 10% by 2008
2.8Reduce common assault 9% by 2008
2.9Reduce wounding 15% by 2008
2.10Reduce personal robbery 15% by 2008

*crime here is British Crime Survey (BCS) comparator crimes


Aim 3: Reduce crime by prevention
Objectives
3.1Continue to develop and employ prevention initiatives and projects aimed at reducing acquisitive crimes
3.2Provide advice to victims of crime to reduce the risk of further victimisation


Strategic Priority 2: Feeling Safe and Being Safe

The crime audit demonstrates that Waverley is one of the safest boroughs in England, but in spite of this many people are very worried that they will become a victim of crime. It is true, however, that in some areas of the borough crime and disorder levels are higher than others and particular groups of people are more likely to become victims than others.

People in Waverley are not just fearful of being a victim of crime but they also feel that their quality of life is impaired by factors in their local environment such as speeding traffic, litter and vandalism. This priority is about helping people in Waverley to feel safe and secure as well as focusing on those people and communities who are most affected by crime and the fear of crime.

Waverley’s aims and objectives:

Aim 1: Reduce the risks experienced by vulnerable victims of crime
Objectives
1.1Improve the provision of advice and support to elderly residents to prevent them from being victims of domestic burglary and bogus caller type crime
1.2Provide support to those who are victims of domestic violence
Aim 2: Improve reassurance in vulnerable communities and those communities where fear of crime is highest
Objectives
2.1Identify specific communities where fear of crime is particularly high and target resources known to improve reassurance; we will continue to give particular attention to the communities at Sandy Hill (Farnham) and Ockford Ridge/ Aaron’s Hill (Godalming) and consider the needs of other communities throughout the course of the strategy.
2.2Create one-stop shops using the community safety vehicle in communities which may not be able to access services in town centres.
2.3At identified areas deploy CCTV to provide reassurance and to prevent and detect crime


Aim 3: Promote community safety and crime prevention and encourage greater community involvement.
Objectives
3.1Continue to promote partnership activity and community safety matters by use of local media, leaflets the internet and other appropriate forums.
3.2Use the community safety vehicle to promote crime prevention and community safety to the public and encourage involvement in particular aspects of community safety
3.3Continue to establish and maintain local neighbourhood panels and other community groups, to engage the public in the process of improving community safety


Strategic Priority 3: Tackling Anti-Social Behaviour

This priority is about tackling those types of anti-social behaviour, which cause problems in Waverley. Research has shown that people’s understanding of what constitutes anti-social behaviour is determined by a series of factors including context, location, community tolerance, and quality of life expectations (Nixon et al. 2003). In Waverley anti-social behaviour is always given a high priority when consulting with the public. The audit and consultation process highlighted anti-social behaviour as something the Partnership should focus its attention on.

What is anti-social behaviour?

The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 regards anti-social behaviour as ‘Acting in a manner that caused or is likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress to one or more persons not of the same household as (the defendant)’.

The Home Office has created a typology of anti-social behaviour drawing together main categories of behaviour that it feels are widely accepted to be anti-social by both practitioners and the public. Some of the behaviour listed in this table includes taking drugs, pestering residents, illegal parking, joyriding, racing cars, noisy neighbours, loud music, letting down tyres, uncontrolled animals, bullying, graffiti, damage to bus shelters, dropping litter (Defining and Measuring Anti-Social Behaviour 2003). Some but not all of these behaviours have been identified as being a problem in Waverley. Our consultation process has highlighted that in Waverley traffic issues, including aggressive and inconsiderate driving and parking, and environmental factors such as noise and litter are of most concern to the public.

Waverley’s aims and objectives

Aim 1: Reduce the types of anti-social behaviour, which are of most concern to the community
Objectives
1.1Enforce speed limits through use of speed detection equipment
1.2Educate motorists about appropriate speeds by the use of interactive signs
1.3Employ initiatives to educate drivers about road safety with an emphasis on new drivers
1.4Use appropriate media to encourage considerate parking and driving
1.5Use engineering/ parking controls to design out traffic problems
1.6Develop a pound for the storage of abandoned vehicles so that they can be removed from public areas

1.7
Improve street lighting in priority locations
1.8
Develop and implement a borough wide graffiti removal scheme
Aim: 2 Reduce town centre anti-social behaviour, disorder and violence
Objectives
2.1Work with the licensed trade to address issues related to alcohol related crime and disorder
2.2Target mobile CCTV in places where incidents are occurring
2.3Influence licensing and long term planning
2.4Carry out regular partnership inspections of licensed premises
Aim 3: Reduce the number of individuals who commit anti-social behaviour and have the most impact on communities
Objectives
3.1Co-ordinate a multi-agency response to specific individuals’ anti-social behaviour through the CIAG (Community Incident Action Group)
3.2Develop the partnership contribution to the CIAG through regular training and networking
3.3Identify those individuals who are most prolific in their offending or impact on the community through the Catch and Convict strand of the PPO Strategy
3.4Address the behaviour of those identified as prolific or priority offenders and case-manage them through the three strands of the PPO scheme
3.5Address drug and alcohol issues relating to PPOs through the PPO scheme and make links with the Drug Intervention Programme (DIP) and the Probation Service
3.6Prevent young people from becoming future prolific offenders using the Prevent and Deter strand of the PPO scheme.


Strategic Priority 4: Addressing Substance Misuse

This priority is about ensuring that the Safer Waverley Partnership addresses the issue of alcohol and drug misuse from the preventative, educational and enforcement perspectives. Drug offences in Waverley remain low, but misuse of drugs can have a wider impact, both on other crimes and on anti-social behaviour within the community. Alcohol misuse is a far more visible problem and features regularly when asking people what concerns them. The crime audit shows that Waverley has hot spot crime areas around town centres and incidents that occur in these areas are often alcohol-related.

Tackling drug and alcohol misuse from a partnership perspective has historically been difficult as access to resources and funding is often clearly split between those that can be used to tackle crime and disorder problems related to drugs and those that can be used to address problems related to alcohol.

Waverley’s aims and objectives

The aims and objectives set out below are the aims for the Safer Waverley Partnership as defined locally through the crime audit and consultation process. They take into consideration the national agenda and relate to other local strategies such as the county DAT Strategy for 2005-08.

Aim 1: Reduce the numbers of young people developing drug and alcohol problems
Objectives
1.1Invest in programmes within schools which educate young people about drugs and alcohol
1.2Encourage all schools in Waverley to adopt a substance misuse policy
1.3Work with Trading Standards to educate retailers about the regulations concerning underage sales and take enforcement action when necessary
Aim 2: Reduce alcohol and drug related crime and disorder
Objectives
2.1Respond to issues of town centre disorder and violence caused by those who are under the influence of drugs and or alcohol (links to Strategic Priority 3 Aim 2)
2.2Use police intelligence to target the supply of drugs


Aim 3: Improve partnership activity in the area of substance misuse
Objectives
3.1Improve data provision and analysis relating particularly to heroin use, impact on anti-social behaviour/violence and Accident & Emergency admissions
3.2Work more closely with Surrey DAT to improve and better co-ordinate drug and alcohol service provision locally
3.3Develop a local alcohol strategy to identify and better co-ordinate a response to alcohol-related issues in Waverley


Section 5 Appendices

APPENDIX ONE:

National Policing Plan 2005 / 08 Five key national priorities for policing
1. Reduce overall crime - including violent and drug-related crime - in line with the Government’s Public Service Agreements
2. Provide a citizen-focused police service which responds to the needs of communities and individuals, especially victims and witnesses, and inspires public confidence in the police, particularly among minority ethnic communities
3. Take action with partners to increase sanction detection rates and target prolific and other priority offenders
4. Reduce people’s concerns about crime, and anti-social behaviour and disorder; and
5. Combat serious and organised crime, within and across force boundaries
National Drugs Strategy (updated 2002) Preventing today’s young people from becoming tomorrow’s problematic drug users
Reducing the supply of illegal drugs
Reducing drug-related crime and its impact on communities
Reducing drug use and drug-related offending through treatment and support.
Reducing drug-related death through harm minimisation
Public Service Agreements, as set out in “Confident Communities in a Secure Britain – The Home Office Strategic Plan 2004 – 08”
    Objective I: People are and feel more secure in their homes and daily lives.
1. Reduce crime by 15%, and further in high crime areas, by 2007-08.
2. Reassure the public, reducing the fear of crime and anti-social behaviour, and building confidence in the Criminal Justice System without compromising fairness.
      Objective II: More offenders are caught, punished and stop offending, and victims are better supported.
    3. Improve the delivery of justice by increasing the number of crimes for which an offender is brought to justice to 1.25 million by 2007-08.

      Objective III: Fewer people's lives are ruined by drugs and alcohol.
    4. Reduce the harm caused by illegal drugs (as measured by the Drug Harm Index encompassing measures of the availability of Class A drugs and drug related crime) including substantially increasing the number of drug misusing offenders entering treatment through the Criminal Justice System.
        Objective V: Citizens, communities and the voluntary sector are more fully engaged in tackling social problems and there is more equality of opportunity and respect for people of all races and religions.
      5. Increase voluntary and community engagement, especially amongst those at risk of social exclusion.
      6. Reduce race inequalities and build community cohesionReduce crime and the fear of crime, including organised and international crime (includes specific targets for vehicle, domestic burglary, and robbery crime)
      Alcohol Harm Reduction Strategy for England (March 2004) Tackle alcohol-related disorder in town and city centres
      Improve treatment and support for people with alcohol problems
      Clamp down on irresponsible promotions by the industry
      Provide better information to consumers about the dangers of alcohol misuse
      Best Value Performance Indicators – Relevant ones current in 2004, but under review BV 126: Domestic burglaries
      BV 127: Violent Crimes, including violence committed by a stranger, violence in a public place, violence in connection to licensed premises, violence committed under the influence of intoxicants, robberies (nb: Surrey is not required to report on robberies, and the Police no longer have to set BVPI targets against any violent crime categories)
      BV 128: Vehicle crimes, including theft of vehicles and from vehicles
      BV 174: Number of racial incidents recorded by the authority
        BV 175: Percentage of racial incidents that resulted in further action
        BV 176: Number of domestic violence refuge places provided by the local authority

        BV 146: Number of malicious false alarms received by the fire service
        BV 206: Number of deliberate fires
        National Probation Service – ‘Bold Steps’ - 2004 Effective implementation of the Criminal Justice Act
        Effective offender management to reduce crime
        Providing a more efficient and effective reporting service to courts
        Delivery of programmes and interventions to reduce offending
        Managing and reducing dangerousness (i.e. management of cases assessed as high risk)
        Provide a quality service to the victims of serious sexual and other violent crime
        Value and achieve diversity in the NPS and the services it provides
        Build capacity in Wales and the English regions
        Build effective support
          Youth Justice Plan 2004/05 (selected measures only)
        Effective arrangements that ensure children and young people most at risk of offending are targeted by mainstream services
        Reduce re-offending
        Use of restorative justice processes and victim satisfaction
        10% of young people with final warnings supported by intervention and community based penalties receive a parenting intervention
        90% of young offenders who are supervised by the YOT are in full time education, training or employment
        Ensure all young people are screened for substance abuse and that those with identified needs receive appropriate specialist assessment
        Support CDRPs in tackling anti-social behaviour
        South East Regional Housing Strategy 2004/05 – 2005/06 Key Theme 4 addresses homelessness and supported housing. This includes a requirement to consider the needs of homeless people and households, particularly those with drug and alcohol problems, domestic violence issues and debt. This requires housing authorities and Registered Social landlords to work with Local Strategic Partnerships and the Drugs Action Teams.
          A draft code of guidance has also been consulted on (closed June 2004) for landlords in respect of anti-social behaviour. Housing authorities and RSLs have specific powers under the Anti-Social Behaviour Act 2003

          Anti-Social Behaviour Act 2003
          (and Together Tackling ASB)
          The Act, and the developments included in the “Together” Action Plan, published in October 2003 include 9 key areas where new or improved powers are now available:
          Closure of premises where drugs are used unlawfully
          New powers for social landlords in tackling ASB
          Support to, and requirements of, parents in meeting their responsibilities to their children and community
          New powers to disperse intimidating groups
          New prohibitions on air weapons and imitation firearms
          A range of powers to improve the environment, including nuisance noise, fly tipping, litter and graffiti
          New powers to control trespass and public order
          High hedges (i.e. the effect they have on neighbours)
          A range of enforcement powers, including ASBOs, penalty notices, curfews and supervision orders
          Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Bill
          2004
          The Bill, which has not yet become an Act, promises a major overhaul of the legislation regarding domestic violence. The full range of priorities and measures are yet to be clarified but are likely to include preventative, supportive and punitive measures, and specific provisions where children, alcohol or drugs, mental health or multiple needs are an issue.
            Prolific & Priority Offender Strategy 2004
          Each CDRP is expected to have a scheme in place by September 2004 in response to this Strategy, for which initial guidance has just been published. Designed to target the 10% or so of offenders who have 3 or more convictions and account for 50% of crimes committed, the strategy has three main strands:
          Prevent and Deter: Reducing the numbers of young people involved in crime and the levels of re-offending
          Catch and Convict: The development of a Criminal Justice System Premium Service to ensure prolific offenders are consistently prioritised
          Rehabilitate and Resettle: Management of offenders through support and priority access to services to deter re-offending
          Cutting Crime, Delivering Justice – A Strategic Plan for Criminal Justice 2004-08The Plan includes a series of 5 visions for 2008, with identified milestones for achievement from 2004/05 onwards. These visions are:
          The public will have confidence that the Criminal Justice System is effective and serves all communities fairly
          Victims and Witnesses will receive a consistent high standard of service from all criminal justice agencies

          We will bring more offences to justice through a more modern and efficient justice process
          Rigorous enforcement will revolutionise compliance with sentences and orders of court
          Reducing Re-offending – National Action Plan 2004This contains over 60 national action points aimed at supporting the rehabilitation of offenders with a view to reducing re-offending and builds on the progress made with the National Offender Management Service. This includes both those serving custodial sentences and those sentenced within the community. Each national action has corresponding regional and local ones which will engage not just prison and probation services but also education and employment support, Drugs Action Teams etc. The Key Action Areas are:
          Accommodation
          Education, training and employment
          Mental and physical health
          Drugs and alcohol
          Finance, benefit and debt
          Children and families of offenders
          Attitudes, thinking and behaviour


          Source: Surrey Community Safety Unit

          APPENDIX TWO:

          Glossary of Terms

          Anti-Social Behaviour All types of behaviour that significantly impairs the quality of life for local residents. Defined and measured under police incident classifications of community/neighbourhood problems civil disputes and disturbance. West and Farrington (1977) state that “anti-social behaviour includes acts prohibited by the criminal law. It also includes other clearly deviant acts such as bullying, reckless driving, heavy drinking and sexual promiscuity and more marginally or arguably deviant acts such as heavy gambling, employment instability and conflict with parents” (The Delinquent Way of Life. London Heinemann)
          Best Value Performance IndicatorsCouncils need to show that they are providing good overall performance. This process collects data centrally from all councils and the process for producing the data is audited. Comparisons can then be made between councils to assess general performance. (Office of the Deputy Prime Minister)
            CCTV
          A closed circuit television system which is viewed only by the interested parties.
            Community Engagement
          Community engagement is the process of involving communities in the development and management of services such as health, education and housing. It may also involve other issues which concern us all, or it may be about tackling the problems of a neighbourhood, such as crime, drug misuse or lack of play facilities for children.
            Community Safety
          Community Safety means preventing, reducing or containing the social, environmental and intimidatory factors which prevent people’s rights to live without fear of crime and which impact upon their quality of life. It includes preventative measures that contribute to crime reduction and tackle antisocial behaviour. (Community Safety, Northern Ireland)
            Crack Houses
          A property where presence of dealers or users of crack cocaine is evident. Legislation now enables police and local authorities to close crack houses with 48 hours
          Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs)Crime is tackled in every local area by Crime & Disorder Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs) – a combination of police, local authorities and other organisations and businesses who have banded together to develop and implement strategies for tackling crime and disorder on the local level.

          There are 376 CDRPs to cover nearly every local authority area in England & Wales. Each one produces an audit and strategy for its local area.
          Criminal DamageCriminal damage is when someone deliberately or recklessly destroys or damages property. The damage can be to dwellings, buildings, vehicles or other property.
            Criminal Justice System
          The Criminal Justice System in England and Wales is responsible for maintaining law and order and administering justice. It aims to reduce crime and to deliver justice on behalf of victims, defendants and communities. The CJS is being reformed to help it to deliver these goals and to ensure that it provides a service in which the public can have confidence.
            Distraction Burglaries
          Distraction burglary, often called ‘bogus callers’ or ‘ burglary artifice’ is a crime primarily targeted at vulnerable older people. Offenders pose as officials, including council workers, police officers and utility workers, in order to gain access to homes. Once inside the victim is distracted and the burglary is committed.
            Domestic Burglary
          A burglary is recorded when a person enters a building or part of a building as a trespasser and with intent to steal anything in the building or to cause criminal damage. This includes a crime where a trick or distraction is used on an occupant of a dwelling to gain, or try to gain, access to the premises to commit burglary. A domestic burglary is a burglary as defined above that has occurred within a premise being used for residential purposes. This includes separately lockable rooms within halls of residence, shared or sheltered accommodation, long-stay hotel rooms and caravans or houseboats used for habitation.
            Domestic Violence
          For crime recording purposes, domestic violence is any violent crime that takes place within the context of a close relationship between adults. This includes ex-partners as well as partners who need not necessarily be living together on a full time, continuing basis and need not ever have done so. In addition, other domestic related crimes and incidents are also highlighted on the Police Crime Information System and annual returns are submitted to the Home Office. In the wider context, domestic abuse can include both physical, emotional and psychological abuse.
          Drug Intervention Programme (DIP)A programme which supports drug using offenders to help them break the ties of funding their class A drug addiction through crime.

          Drugs
          Alcohol
          Drug offences include the notifiable offences of trafficking in controlled drugs, possession of controlled drugs and other drug offences. In addition, any crime or incident that is deemed to have a drug element is flagged as such on the Police Crime Information System.
            Alcohol offences include the non-crime incidents of drunk and disorderly, drunk and incapable and driving while unfit through drink. Other crimes and incidents that are considered to have an alcohol element are also highlighted on the Police Crime Information System.
            Hate CrimeHate crime can be any crime that has racially or religiously motivating factors. Such crimes include racially or religiously aggravated wounding, common assault, harassment and criminal damage. Such racially aggravated offences are recorded by the Home Office. In addition, homophobic related crimes are recorded on many police crime information systems although this is not currently counted separately by the Home Office.
              Interactive Signs
            These signs are radar controlled to appear when triggered by drivers exceeding the posted speed limit. They are sited some 150m inside a speed limit, usually one entering a village of town. If a driver is exceeding the speed limit the sign lights up with a copy of the speed limit sign and is accompanied with yellow flashing lights above and below the sign.
              Iquanta
            A tool for analysing and disseminating Performance Management Information, using the crime and detections data submitted monthly by all 43 forces in England.
              Key Performance Indicators (KPI)
            Key Performance Indicators, also known as KPI or Key Success Indicators (KSI), help an organisation define and measure progress toward organizational goals. They are quantifiable measurements, agreed to beforehand, that reflect the critical success factors of an organisation. They will differ depending on the organization.
            Once an organisation has analysed its mission, identified all its stakeholders, and defined its goals, it needs a way to measure progress toward those goals. Key Performance Indicators are those measurements. (About Business Management)
            Prolific Priority Offenders (PPO)Prolific and Priority Offenders (PPO) are persistent offenders, who frequently have drug problems and commit crime to support their drug habit. The Home Office criteria to be used locally by the Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships in selecting these offenders should be:
            - the nature and volume of the crimes they are committing;

            - the nature and volume of other harm they are causing (e.g.
            by virtue of their gang leadership or anti-social behaviour);
            - other local criteria based on the impact of the individuals
            concerned on their local communities.
            Public Service Agreement (PSA)The Government introduced PSAs following the 1998 Comprehensive Spending Review, setting out publicly clear targets showing what departments aimed to achieve in terms of public service improvements for the first time. Progress against those targets has been reported every year in departmental reports.
              Registered Social Landlords
            Registered Social Landlords (RSLs) are independent housing organisations registered with the Housing Corporation under the Housing Act 1996. Most are housing associations, but there are also trusts, co-operatives and companies.
              SCADIS
            Surrey Crime and Disorder Information System (Surrey County Council)
              Shoplifting
            Theft from shops. Does not include theft by employees from shops
              Strategy
            A set of objectives to be pursued by the responsible authorities, by co-operating persons or bodies or, under agreements with the responsible authorities, by other persons or bodies; and long-term and short-term performance targets for measuring the extent to which such objectives are achieved.
              Substance Misuse
            Drug and alcohol misuse.
            Total CrimeIf someone reports to the police that a crime has been committed or the police observe or discover a crime, the police should register a crime-related incident, and then decide whether to record it as a crime. From April 2002, the police comply with the National Crime Recording Standard in making this decision, although generally the police would record these reports of crime if they amount to a ‘notifiable’ offence and there is no credible evidence to the contrary. The total ‘notifiable’ offences recorded by the police does not necessarily mean all criminal offences, as almost all the more minor summary offences are excluded (even though the police may record them for their own investigations). The significance of the term ‘notifiable’ is that all these offences are notified to the Home Office, and they are collectively known as ‘recorded crime’ (Home Office, 2004).

            Vehicle CrimeSection 1 of the Theft Act (1968) states that a person is guilty of theft if he dishonestly appropriates property belonging to another with the intention of permanently depriving the other of it. For vehicle crime this includes the theft from a vehicle such as an article from within it and the theft of a vehicle, where the whole vehicle is stolen or taken without consent of the owner. Interference with or damage to a vehicle is not included within this definition of vehicle crime.
            Violent CrimeSection 8 of The Public Order Act 1986 defines violence as any violent conduct causing or intending to cause injury or damage. For the purposes of crime recording, total violent crime includes violence against the person (i.e. common assault, ABH, GBH), sexual offences (i.e. rape, indecent assault) and robbery (both personal and business).
            Voluntary SectorCommunity groups, charities or other non-profit bodies


            APPENDIX THREE

            Bibliography:

            ABA Research Ltd 2003, Report of the Community Safety Survey, on behalf of the Community Safety Executive

            Anti-Social Behaviour Act 2003, HMSO

            Cabinet Office 2004, National Alcohol Harm Reduction Strategy for England

            Crime and Disorder Audit for Waverley 2003-04

            Home Office Drugs Strategy Directorate 1998, Tackling Drugs to build a better Britain: The National Strategy

            Home Office 2004, Confident Communities in a Secure Britain: The Home Office Strategic Plan 2004-08, HM Government

            Home Office 2004, National Policing Plan 2005-08, Home Office

            Home Office “Together Campaign”, http://www.together.gov.uk

            Home Office 2004, Defining and Measuring Anti-Social Behaviour, Home Office Development and Practice Report 26.

            Nixon J, Blandy S, Hunter C, Jones A and Reeve K (2003) Developing Good Practice in Tackling Anti-Social Behaviour in Mixed Tenure Areas. Sheffield: Sheffield Hallam University.

            The Prolific and other Priority Offender Strategy, http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/ppo.htm

            Surrey Drug Action Team 2004, Audit and Strategy Report for Waverley 2003/ 2005-08


            APPENDIX FOUR:

            Other useful links:

            Surrey Police, http://www.surrey.police.uk
            Home Office Crime Reduction website, http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk
            Home Office website, http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk
            Crime Statistics for England and Wales, http://www.crimestatistics.org.uk
            Surrey Crimestoppers, http://www.surreycrimestoppers.org.uk
            Government Office for the South East, http://www.go-se.gov.uk
            Nacro, Changing lives, reducing crime, http://www.nacro.org.uk
            Surrey Community Safety Unit, http://www.surreycsu.org.uk/
            Surrey Drug Action Team, http://www.surreydat.org.uk
            Crime Concern, http://www.crimeconcern.co.uk
            National Statistics http://www.statistics.gov.uk/
            Together Campaign http://www.together.gov.uk/


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