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Waverley Borough Council Committee System - Committee Document

Meeting of the Executive held on 28/10/2003
Format of the Main Consultation Document "A Way Forward"

Format of the Main Consultation Document ‘A Way Forward’

The main ‘A Way Forward’ document is made up of several sections:

Chapter 1 – Introduction: This states the ‘vision’, aims and targets, roles and responsibilities, the scope of the strategy and the importance of the views of the public and other interested stakeholders.

Chapter 2 – Setting the Scene in Surrey: This section gives background information about the situation regarding waste in Surrey at present and forecasts for the future, including household waste composition in Surrey, recycling rates and tonnages, commodities collected, current waste management costs and existing waste disposal arrangements.

Chapter 3 – Drivers for Change: This section sets out the reasons why changes need to be made to the existing waste management system:
i) EC Landfill Directive – this will require increasingly large amounts of municipal waste to be managed by methods other than landfill – refers particularly to biodegradable waste EC Landfill Directive 1999/31/EC
HTML: http://www.europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=31999L0031
PDF: http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/en/oj/dat/1999/l_182/l_18219990716en00010019.pdf.
ii) Best Value – statutory performance standards for recycling for each authority have been set, with a county-wide average of 30% and 34% by 2003/04 and 2005/06 respectively.
iii) National Waste Strategy – encourages re-use, composting and recycling.
iv) Producer responsibility legislation – will require more recycling and recovery of waste materials from specific types of goods with the onus placed on the producer of the goods to achieve the improvements.
v) Waste growth – a fundamental problem causing the size of the waste problem to increase.
vi) Reducing landfill voidspace – rapidly filling landfill sites mean that Surrey needs new waste facilities even if the way that waste is managed is not changed.
vii) Landfill tax – the tax on waste taken to landfill will rise by at least 3 each year to a level of 35 per tonne by about 2011/12.
This section of the document also explains concepts such as Best Practicable Environmental Option, the Waste Hierarchy, the Proximity Principle and Self-Sufficiency. It also sets out the fact that there are numerous key players who all have responsibilities with regard to waste to ensure that any waste strategy that is developed is successful; these include business, the waste management industry, waste collection and disposal companies, waste planning authorities, regional development agencies, the Environment Agency, the community sector and the public in their role as consumers and recyclers.

Chapter 4 – Targets for Surrey to Achieve: This section looks at household and commercial waste levels in comparison to the amount of waste recycled and the amount of remaining landfill space. Some important points emerge:
i) Surrey does not have enough waste management capacity to meet the long-term aims of the Landfill Directive (see footnote 1)
ii) There is insufficient available landfill voidspace in Surrey to manage waste within the permitted landfill levels over the period of the Strategy.
iii) The achievement of recycling targets and the use of existing Energy from Waste capacity would only allow the Landfill Directive targets to be met up to 2010.
iv) There will be a need for new waste management facilities from 2008 onwards, which could include landfill.
v) There will be a need for new facilities from 2011 onwards that must be non-landfill.
vi) Limiting waste production to current levels would reduce the shortfall in waste management facilities in 2020 by a third; however, waste levels are currently increasing dramatically every year.

Chapter 5 – Methodologies and options: This section provides a description of each of the methods currently available for collecting and managing our municipal waste; these methodologies include waste reduction, waste re-use, recycling, composting, anaerobic digestion, thermal treatment (incineration, gasification and pyrolysis) and mechanical biological treatment (MBT). The table from the document summarising the available and developing residual waste technologies is attached as Annex 2, and the table showing the ability of these facilities to enable compliance with various policy objectives is attached as Annex 3. This section then continues by highlighting seven policy options, their ability to comply with various legislative drivers, and possible waste management costs; these options are set out in Annex 4. The options generated in the consultation draft are:
Option 1 – Recycling (at 36%) and landfill
Option 2 – Recycling (at 36%), composting and landfill
Option 3 – Recycling (at 36%), thermal treatment and landfill
Option 4 – Recycling (at 36%), composting, thermal treatment and landfill
Option 5 – Recycling (at 36%), composting, anaerobic digestion and landfill
Option 6 – Recycling (at 36%), composting, anaerobic digestion, mechanical biological treatment and landfill
Option 7 – Recycling (at 36%), composting, anaerobic digestion, mechanical biological treatment, thermal treatment and landfill
However, options 1, 2, 5 and 6 are not Government and / or EU compliant. So the only remaining options are 3, 4 and 7 (which are highlighted in bold above). Option 6 only becomes available if a 60% recycling rate is achieved: some will maintain that a 60% recycling rate is unachievable. For the purposes of this annexe, this option has been numbered Option 8:
Option 8 – Recycling (at 60%), composting, anaerobic digestion, mechanical biological treatment and landfill
It should be noted that the data provided in this section is based upon several key assumptions, which are highlighted at the beginning of the chapter.

Chapter 6 – Proposed Policies: This section states the policies that it is proposed are carried out under the Strategy. Three key factors and assumptions have heavily influenced the policies and actions developed:
a) All authorities will achieve their Best Value Performance Standards.
b) Waste growth will be limited to 3% p.a. to 2005, 2% p.a. to 2010 and 1% p.a. thereafter.
c) Surrey will meet its Landfill Directive diversion targets on the landfill of biodegradable municipal waste.
Please note that if these are not met the situation will be even more difficult than presently forecast. The key policy areas are:
a) Improve the capacity for managing household and industrial/commercial waste in Surrey by re-use, recycling and recovery.
b) Increase the levels of public participation in recycling and minimisation schemes.
c) Improve collective working to ensure the best net benefit to Surrey.
d) Secure and target funds to a local level to achieve improvements in waste minimisation and recycling.
e) Develop, and facilitate the development of, facilities for the treatment of residual waste.
f) Develop closer working with the commercial and industrial waste sector.
g) Lobby central government for legislative and policy changes.
h) Recognise the needs, and contributions, that other stakeholders have in the development of the Strategy.
i) Improve communication and working with local community organisations.
The details of the policies are attached as Annex 5.